extends from the furthest eastern edges of the Alps in the
north-west to the Pannonian lowlands and the banks of the Danube in
the east; its central region is covered by the Dinara mountain
range, and its southern parts extend to the coast of the Adriatic
the mainland covers 56,542 km2, and
the surface of the territorial sea is 31,067 km2.
4,437,460 inhabitants; composition of
population: the majority of the population are Croats; national
minorities are Serbs, Slovenes, Hungarians, Bosnians, Italians,
Czechs and others.
System of government: multi-party
inhabitants), the economic, traffic, cultural and academic centre of
5,835 km of which 4,058 km
comprise a coastline of islands, solitary rocks and reefs. Number of
islands, solitary rocks and reefs: 1,185; the largest islands are
Krk and Cres; there are 50 inhabited islands.
Dinara: 1,831 m above sea level.
There are two climate zones; a temperate
continental climate, locally also a mountainous climate, prevails in
the interior, whereas a pleasant Mediterranean climate prevails
along the Adriatic coast, with an overwhelming number of sunny days,
dry and hot summers, mild and humid winters; average temperature in
the inland: January 0 to 2°C, August 19 to 23°C; average temperature
at the seaside: January 6 to 11°C, August 21 to 27 °C; the
temperature is about 12°C in winter, and 25°C in summer.
kuna (1 kuna = 100 lipa). Foreign
currency can be exchanged in banks, exchange offices, post offices,
travel agencies, hotels, camps, marinas; cheques can be cashed in